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Tepid perming

Tepid perming was introduced about the same time as the first wireless and machineless systems but was a method of perming which did not require the use of a machine. Tepid perming consisted of croquignole winding, the application of a reagent. Not unlike a weak cold perm lotion and covering the wound curlers with sachets after being dipped into water. The sachets contained calcium oxide and the action of water produced sufficient heat in the sachet to activate the reagents used on the hair. This system did not become popular until recent times, and became known as the exothermic perm. The advantages of this, and the newer tepid perming systems; some of which include the use of a machine, are the low alkaline reagents used, less heat, hair left in better condition and improved client comfort and safety.

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